Safety Tips

The following are excerpts from the Citizen's Preparedness Guide published by the Attorney General's Office of the U.S. Department of Justice.

In Your Home and Neighborhood

  • Make a list of important local phone numbers
  • Write down phone numbers and contact information for your family in case they are separated
  • Make your house easy to find (street numbers are large and illuminated)
  • Organize an emergency preparedness kit containing:
    • A three-to-five day supply of water (one gallon per day per person)
    • Food that will not spoil and requires no cooking (enough to last 72 hours)
    • A first aid kit and needed medicines
    • Emergency tools like a radio, cell phone, flashlight and extra batteries
    • A portable emergency generator if possible
    • Alternate cooking source (camp stove or barbeque with fuel)
    • Extra blankets, clothing, shoes and money
    • Remember that banks may be shut down and ATM machines inoperative
  • Develop a home evacuation plan and practice with your family and neighbors
  • Plan how to take care of your pets
  • Learn how to shut off utilities such as gas, electricity, and water. Keep an adjustable wrench on hand to shut off utilities
  • Teach your children how to stay in touch
    • Make sure they can contact you at work
    • Make sure they know their address
    • Work with neighbors to find places that are safe for children to go in case of emergency
    • Explain 9-1-1 to your children
  • Maintain easily accessible inventory list of property and important documents

At Work

  • Learn about your company's emergency plans and practice them
  • Know the exit nd emergency routes
  • Have a designated post evacuation meeting location
  • Make plans for co-workers who are disabled
  • Know the location of fire extinguishers and medical kits
  • Gather personal emergency supplies in a desk drawer
  • Put together an office phone tree
  • Make plans to help each other

In Your Community

  • Develop a list of emergency services and their phone numbers and addresses
  • Find out about community emergency plans
  • Make sure schools and workplaces have updated contact information for your family
  • Make plans to meet with family members if an emergency happens while your family is separated
  • Plan for what you may need if you're away from home during an emergency
  • Be prepared to help others
  • Join or start a neighborhood group
  • Share the information you learn

Pets and Livestock

Before a disaster strikes:

  • Pre-plan where to take your animals in the event of an evacuation (fairgrounds, private farms, stables, etc.)
  • Be familiar with evacuation routes to your destination
  • Be sure animals will load
  • If you don't have your own vehicle, make arrangements with someone before the disaster strikes
  • Prepare a disaster kit, which should include:
    • your name, address, and phone number
    • your vet's name, address, and phone number
    • vaccination records
    • medications
    • water buckets
    • plastic trash barrel with lid
    • non-nylon leads, halters, and shanks
    • food and water
    • special dietary/medical instructions
    • horse blanket or sheet
    • photo of animal
    • fly spray
    • leg wraps
    • hoof pick
    • wire cutters
    • sharp knife

During a disaster:

  • Listen to the Emergency Alert System and evacuate when advised. If you choose to remain, at least evacuate your animals along with the disaster kit.
  • Animal behavior changes during disasters
  • Upon a warning notification, ready your animals - bring them in from fields, put halters on, etc.
  • Evacuate your horses/livestock early, if possible, to insure their safety and reduce stress
  • Take all vaccinations, medical records, and enough hay and water for three days
  • Call you destination to make sure that it is still available
  • If possible, use roads not in use for human evacuation when transporting livestock

If you cannot evacuate your livestock:

  • Leave them in a pre-selected area appropriate for the type of disaster. Call the Sheriff's Animal Regulations Unit and request the Animal Evacuation Team.

If you lose your livestock:

  • Contact your animal shelter, human society, veterinarians, brand inspectors, stables, surrounding ranches/farms or other facilities.
  • Listen to the Emergency Alert System for groups that may be accepting lost animals.
  • When you find your animal, use caution when handling it. They may panic or be in pain. Examine them thoroughly and seek medical attention, if needed.
  • Call the shelters and let them know your animal has been located. They will take them off their list of lost animals.

After a disaster:

  • Check fences to ensure they are intact
  • Check pastures for sharp objects that could injure livestock
  • Look for downed power lines and trees
  • If you find someone else's livestock, call our local shelters. Isolate the animal until it can be returned to its owner or examined by a vet.